News and EventsSmartTots and IARS News, Press Releases and Events
SmartTots – Perspectives from the Front Lines
Millions of children undergo surgery annually. Recent studies suggest there may be reason for concern. This video, featuring Dr. Dean Andropoulos, Dr. Peter Davis, and Dr. Caleb Ing, provides a summary as to why research is needed and the type that is needed.
SmartTots to Help Make Anesthetics and Sedatives Safer for Children
Dr. Janet Woodcock, director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at the Food and Drug Administration, and Dr. Michael Roizen, of the International Anesthesia Research Society, unveil a new partnership that aims to make anesthesia safer for children.
Pediatric Anesthesia Questions and Myths-Mayo Clinic
Dr. Randall Flick at Mayo Clinic “debunks myths” and answers common questions raised by parents in regard to anesthesia.
Opioids like fentanyl are regularly used in neonates for analgesia and sedation. So far, they have been reported to be safe and eligible to use. The cerebellum has become a focus of neurodevelopmental research within the last years, as it is known to play an important role in long-lasting motor, cognitive, and other behavioral changes. The cerebellar cortex is of major importance in the coordinative role of the cerebellum and highly vulnerable to injury and impaired growth.
Combined spinal/caudal catheter anesthesia: extending the boundaries of regional anesthesia for complex pediatric urological surgery
Spinal anesthesia (SA) is an established anesthetic technique for short outpatient pediatric urological cases. To avoid general anesthesia (GA) and expand regional anesthetics to longer and more complex pediatric surgeries, the authors began a program using a combined spinal/caudal catheter (SCC) technique.
This review presents updated recommendations, based on existing clinical research, for anesthetic management of strabismus surgery in children. In children, unlike adults, eye surgery nearly always requires general anesthesia, even for brief procedures. Recommendations for preoperative anxiolysis, fasting guidelines, and management of upper respiratory infections are discussed. Airway considerations and the oculocardiac reflex are highlighted.
The Effects of Anesthesia on the Pediatric Developing Brain: Strategies to Reduce Anesthesia Use in Pediatric MRI and Nursing’s Role in Driving Patient Safety
To describe the physiological and biological principles of anesthesia for children; nonanesthesia practices; the state of the evidence of patient- and family-centered care strategies to reduce anesthesia use; and role of nursing in ensuring patient safety through reducing anesthesia use for pediatric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
There has been much recent controversy about whether exposure to general anaesthetic agents results in any long-term neurodevelopmental effects in children. The basis of this concern stems from data from animal studies, in which there is overwhelming evidence that anaesthetics interfere with brain development in nearly all animal models, including non-human primates. Clinical studies, however, have been less conclusive, as some studies have shown an association between anaesthetic exposure and neurodevelopmental deficit, whilst others have not.
Informed consent is a fundamental principle of anaesthesia care and is a medicolegal requirement. Recent guidance from the Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists and the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland relating to the conduct of informed consent for anaesthesia include a number of recommended risks that anaesthetists should discuss when obtaining informed consent.