News and EventsSmartTots and IARS News, Press Releases and Events
SmartTots – Perspectives from the Front Lines
Millions of children undergo surgery annually. Recent studies suggest there may be reason for concern. This video, featuring Dr. Dean Andropoulos, Dr. Peter Davis, and Dr. Caleb Ing, provides a summary as to why research is needed and the type that is needed.
SmartTots to Help Make Anesthetics and Sedatives Safer for Children
Dr. Janet Woodcock, director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research at the Food and Drug Administration, and Dr. Michael Roizen, of the International Anesthesia Research Society, unveil a new partnership that aims to make anesthesia safer for children.
Pediatric Anesthesia Questions and Myths-Mayo Clinic
Dr. Randall Flick at Mayo Clinic “debunks myths” and answers common questions raised by parents in regard to anesthesia.
Expression Signature of lncRNAs and mRNAs in Sevoflurane-Induced Mouse Brain Injury: Implication of Involvement of Wide Molecular Networks and Pathways
Sevoflurane, one of the most commonly used pediatric anesthetics, was found to cause developmental neurotoxicity. To understand specific risk groups and develop countermeasures, a better understanding of its mechanisms is needed. We hypothesize that, as in many other brain degeneration pathways, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity.
Ketamine is a widely used intravenous anesthetic; however, basic and clinical studies have demonstrated that prolonged exposure can cause irreversible injury to the immature human brain. Yes‑associated protein (YAP) is the main effector of the Hippo signaling pathway, which serves an important role in regulating tissue homeostasis and organ size during development.
Ketamine inhibits neuronal differentiation by regulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling
Ketamine is widely used in pediatric anesthesia, perioperative sedation, and analgesia. Knowledge of anesthesia neurotoxicity in humans is currently limited by the difficulty of obtaining neurons and performing developmental toxicity studies in fetal and pediatric populations. However, mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) derived from embryos at the preimplantation stage demonstrate an unlimited ability to self-renew and generate different cell types and are a valuable tool for clinical research.
It has been reported that sevoflurane induces neurotoxicity in the developing brain. Dexmedetomidine is an α2 adrenoceptor agonist used for the prevention of sevoflurane‑induced agitation in children in clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to determine whether dexmedetomidine could prevent sevoflurane‑induced neuroapoptosis, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and neurocognitive impairment.
Repeated exposure to propofol in the neonatal period impairs hippocampal synaptic plasticity and the recognition function of rats in adulthood
Anesthesia of neonates with propofol induces persistent behavioral abnormalities in adulthood. Although propofol-triggered apoptosis of neurons in the developing brain may contribute to the development of cognitive deficits, the mechanism of neurotoxicity induced by neonatal exposure to propofol remains unclear.
In this study, LRCF, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) related to cognitive function, which was first discovered and named by our group, was shown to be involved in the propofol-induced proliferation and apoptosis of oligodendrocytes (OLGs). Our systematic study showed that LRCF expression differs in OLGs of mice of different ages.