The development and refinement of practices for the safe administration of anesthesia to children is a major success story in modern medicine. During the past several decades, there have been significant improvements in safety standards, cardiopulmonary monitoring, delivery systems, and airway management specific to the pediatric patient undergoing anesthesia. Millions of children receive anesthesia each year for surgical, procedural, or diagnostic purposes, and the majority of these patients receive a general anesthetic.
- Association Between Anesthesia Exposure and Neurocognitive and Neuroimaging Outcomes in Long-term Survivors of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
- GAS, PANDA, and MASK – No Evidence of Clinical Anesthetic Neurotoxicity!
- Propofol induces impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis through inhibiting the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α
- Neurotoxicity of anesthetics: Mechanisms and meaning from mouse intervention studies
- Limb Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Reduces Repeated Ketamine Exposure-Induced Adverse Effects in the Developing Brain of Rats