Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015; 8(8): 14397–14409.
Published online 2015 Aug 15.


Sevoflurane and propofol are widely used in pediatric anesthesia. Neurotoxicity of sevoflurane and propofol in developing brain has been reported and these effects raise concerns on the usage of the drugs. We investigated the influence of rutin, a flavonoid on the neurodegenerative effects of sevoflurane and propofol and on memory and cognition in neonatal rodent model. Separate groups of neonatal mice (C57BL/6) were administered with rutin at 25 or 50 mg/kg body weight (b.wt) from post natal day 2 (P1) to P21. P7 mice were exposed to 2.9% sevoflurane and/or propofol (150 mg/kg b.wt). Neuroapoptosis was assessed by measuring activated caspase-3 and by Fluoro-Jade C staining. Plasma S100β levels were detected by ELISA. Morris water maze test was performed to test learning and memory impairments in the animals. General behaviour of the mice was also assessed. Anesthesia exposure caused severe neuroapoptosis and also raised the levels of plasma S100β. Neuroapoptosis, memory and cognitive deficits observed following anesthetics were comparatively more profound in mice on exposure to combined drug (sevoflurane and propofol) than in those exposed to either of the anesthetics. Rutin at both the doses was effective in reducing the apoptotic cell counts and enhanced the memory and cognitive abilities. Rutin supplementation offered significant protection against anesthetic induced neurodegeneration and learning and memory disturbances.

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