J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2012 Oct;24(4):357-61.
Miller TL, Park R, Sun LS.
The Pediatric Anesthesia and NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) Project team organized its third biennial scientific symposium on “Anesthesia and Neurodevelopment in Children” at the Children’s Hospital of New York on April 21, 2012. The event was co-sponsored by the New York-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital (MS-CHONY) and the Department of Anesthesiology of Columbia University. The day-long program included updates of recent research in anesthetic neurotoxicity in the developing brain from preclinical studies to clinical and patient-oriented outcome research. It also provided a forum for discussion among many different stakeholders in this important public health issue.