Few if any issues received more attention in the field of pediatric perioperative care over the past decade than developmental anesthesia neurotoxicity. While the possibility of a plausible association between anesthesia and postoperative personality changes in children was first hypothesized more than 60 years ago,1 substantial concern on this subject has been ignited by seminal laboratory work, conducted 50 years later, where exposure of newborn rats to a mixture of anesthetics induced widespread apoptosis and persistent cognitive deficits in these animals.2 The initial mistrust and rejection generated by this publication in the anesthesia community have been rapidly transformed into an important public health concern after the robust confirmation of developmental anesthesia neurotoxicity in a variety of experimental models and, most importantly, with the availability of human epidemiological data suggesting an association between early life anesthesia exposure and subsequent neurocognitive disturbances.
- Neurodevelopment after general anaesthesia in infants
- Astragaloside suppresses tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 5 signaling pathway and alleviates neurodegenerative changes in retinal pigment epithelial cells induced by isoflurane.
- Sevoflurane induces neurotoxicity in the developing rat hippocampus by upregulating connexin 43 via the JNK/c-Jun/AP-1 pathway.
- Neuroprotective effects of dexmedetomidine against isoflurane-induced neuronal injury via glutamate regulation in neonatal rats.
- Juvenile Rats Show Altered Gut Microbiota After Exposure to Isoflurane as Neonates