As the practice of pediatric anesthesiology grew in the early 20th century, Anesthesia & Analgesia (A&A) became the most important practical resource of pediatric fundamentals for general anesthesiologists. With continued growth in the mid-20th century, focus then shifted to complex cases performed by dedicated pediatric anesthesiologists. To this day, A&A continues to serve as a crucial forum for our subspecialty as it matures. The International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS) also remains pivotal in addressing the crucial questions of modern practice, such as the recent founding of the SmartTots initiative to investigate the potential neurotoxicity of anesthetics in children. While A&A celebrates 100 years of publication, we reflect upon pediatric anesthesiology’s evolution and the impact of the IARS and A&A on pediatric anesthesiology’s scholarship, clinical practice, and professionalization.

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Coleman & Waisel.
Anesthesia & Analgesia August 2022