Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, October 2014.
Monteleone M, Khandji A, Cappell J, Lai WW, Biagas K, Schleien C.


The Pediatric Anesthesia NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) study investigates the potential neurotoxicity of anesthetics in the pediatric population. At a recent symposium, a panel of nonsurgical physicians from the disciplines of radiology, neurology, cardiology, and critical care discussed the role anesthesia plays in their respective practices. To execute diagnostic studies and/or therapeutic interventions in each of these disciplines, general anesthesia is oftentimes required for pediatric patients. Given recent publications in the literature suggesting the potential for neurotoxicity following anesthesia in pediatric patients, physicians, parents, and other stakeholders are now challenged to continue to balance safety with efficacy in caring for children. This paper summarizes the panelist presentations and the ensuing discussion at the 2014 PANDA symposium.

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