Dexmedetomidine is an a2-adrenergic receptor agonist with an eight-fold greater affinity for the a2-adrenergic receptor than its sister drug clonidine. It is a sedative that is clear, colourless and tasteless and has been used in children for a number of years. Advantages of Dexmedetomidine over other agents used in paediatrics include: ease of administration; reduction in postoperative analgesic requirements; and reduction in postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV).
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- Neuroprotective Effects of Dexmedetomidine on the Ketamine-Induced Disruption of the Proliferation and Differentiation of Developing Neural Stem Cells in the Subventricular Zone.
- NPAS4 suppresses propofol-induced neurotoxicity by inhibiting autophagy in hippocampal neuronal cells.
- Effect of operative trauma and multiple propofol anesthesia on neurodevelopment and cognitive function in developmental rats.
- FOXO3 Regulates Sevoflurane-Induced Neural Stem Cell Differentiation in Fetal Rats