Inhalation anesthetics have been shown to cause neurodevelopmental disorders and neurotoxic effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of resveratrol on the possible neurotoxic effect of sevoflurane and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) pathway in newborn rats. The animals were divided into four groups: control, sevoflurane, sevoflurane+resveratrol 25 mg/kg, and sevoflurane+resveratrol 50 mg/kg. The groups that received anesthesia were given 3% sevoflurane for 2 h on the postnatal seventh, eighth, and ninth days. Control gas was applied to the control group. The Morris water maze (MWM) test was performed on postnatal 35th day. After performing the open field test on the postnatal 41st day, the animals were dissected, and the hippocampal BDNF levels were determined by Western blot method. In the MWM test, there was a significant decrease in the time spent in the target quadrant in the sevoflurane anesthesia group compared with control group. This reduction was reversed with the resveratrol pretreatment. Sevoflurane exposure significantly decreased hippocampal BDNF levels compared with the control group. The resveratrol 25 mg/kg pretreatment did not reverse this reduction, whereas resveratrol 50 mg/kg ameliorated this impairment. Sevoflurane did not cause any significant difference in the rats’ performance in the open field test. However, 50 mg/kg resveratrol pretreatment caused a statistically significant increase in this performance. Our results showed that sevoflurane impaired learning and memory functions in newborn rats and resveratrol reversed this deterioration. Also BDNF might play a role in this beneficial effect of resveratrol.
Ayşenur Sümer Coşkun et al.
Journal of Medicinal Food April 2022