Background: Sevoflurane is an inhalational anesthetic for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in pediatric surgery. However, few studies have paid attention to the multiple organ toxicity and the mechanism behind it.

Methods: Inhalation anesthesia neonatal rat model were realized by exposing to 3.5% sevoflurane. RNA-seq was performed to find out how inhalation anesthesia affects the lung, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and heart. Validation of RNA-seq results by QPCR after animal model establishment. Tunel assay detects cell apoptosis in each group. CCK-8, cell apoptosis assay and western blot assay validation of the role of siRNA-Bckdhb in the action of sevoflurane on rat hippocampal neuronal cells.

Results: There are significant differences between different groups, especially the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Bckdhb was significantly up-regulated in the hippocampus with sevoflurane-treated. Pathway analysis revealed several abundant pathways related to DEGs, e.g., protein digestion and absorption and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. A series of cellular and animal experiments showed that siRNA-Bckdhb can inhibit the reduction of cellular activity caused by sevoflurane.

Conclusion: Bckdhb interference experiments indicated that sevoflurane induces hippocampal neuronal cells apoptosis by regulating Bckdhb expression. Our study provided new insights into the molecular mechanism of sevoflurane-induced brain damage in pediatrics.

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Jinhua Feng et al.
Neuroscience Letters March 2023