Purpose of review: To provide an overview of anesthetic techniques for innovative diagnostic and therapeutic epilepsy procedures performed on pediatric patients.

Recent findings: Recent studies have been published on the anesthetic consideration for functional MRI, robotic-assisted stereoelectroencephalography, high-intensity focused ultrasound, and magnetoencephalography. These articles describe the anesthesia management, risks, and outcome for these procedures.

Summary: The number of diagnostic and treatment options being used for the management of pediatric epilepsy has increased significantly. In the past few years, a handful of articles have been published, which describe the anesthetic considerations for these procedures. These studies are helpful to anesthesiologists who are planning an upcoming anesthetic or who are developing a ‘best practice’ model for their institution. Because unlike other diagnostic studies, failure to understand what effects anesthetics have on the brain, may negate the utility of the study. Although these new findings can be used to provide some anesthesia practice recommendations for epilepsy procedures in which the best management is still unclear, additional high-quality studies are needed.

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Chen, Lee, & Wong.
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology October 2023