The induction of anesthesia in children makes its safety one of the most important global health problems. Neuroinflammation contributes to anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity in young individuals. However, the mechanisms underlying anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity have not been established. In this study, the level of interleukin (IL)-6 in the hippocampus of mice and N2A cells treated with sevoflurane was increased, and long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) Riken was sufficient to decrease sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity, and the level of inflammatory cytokine IL-6. The RNA pull-down assay verified that miR-101a was bound to lncRNA Riken in N2A cells. In addition, miR-101a blocked the protective effect of lncRNA Riken on anesthesia-induced neuroinflammation. These data suggest that lncRNA Riken attenuated anesthesia-induced neuroinflammation by interacting with microRNA-101a. Finally, we also demonstrated that MAPK phosphatase 1 (MKP-1) was a downstream target of miR-101a, and lncRNA Riken can regulate the expression of MKP-1; the JNK signal transduction pathway has been implicated in sevoflurane-induced IL-6 secretion. Our findings demonstrated that lncRNA Riken alleviated the sevoflurane-induced neurotoxic effects, and the lncRNA Riken/miR-101a/MKP-1/JNK axis plays an important role in the cognitive disorder.

Read more

Qi Hou et al.
Neurotoxicity Research November 2021