Sevoflurane anesthesia in pregnant mice could induce neurotoxicity in the developing brain and disturb learning and memory in the offspring mice. Whether it could impair social behaviors in the offspring mice is uncertain. Therefore, we assessed the neurobehavioral effect of in-utero exposure to sevoflurane on social interaction behaviors in C57BL/6 mice. The pregnant mice were anesthetized with 2.5% sevoflurane in 100% oxygen for 2 h, and their offspring mice were tested in three-chambered social paradigm, which includes three 10-min sessions of habituation, sociability, and preference for social novelty. At the juvenile age, the offspring mice showed abnormal sociability, as proved by not taking more time sniffing at the stranger 1 mouse compared with the empty enclosure (108.5 ± 25.4 vs. 108.2 ± 44.0 s, P = 0.9876). Meanwhile, these mice showed impaired preference for social novelty, as evidenced by not taking more time sniffing at the stranger 2 compared with the stranger 1 mouse (92.1 ± 52.2 vs. 126.7 ± 50.8 s, P = 0.1502). At the early adulthood, the offspring mice retrieved the normal sociability (145.6 ± 33.2 vs. 76.0 ± 31.8 s, P = 0.0001), but remained the impaired preference for social novelty (100.6 ± 29.3 vs. 118.0 ± 47.9 s, P = 0.3269). Collectively, these results suggested maternal anesthesia with sevoflurane could induce social interaction deficits in their offspring mice. Although the disturbance of sociability could be recoverable, the impairment of preference for social novelty could be long-lasting.


Read More