Narrowing down the histopathological changes in the brain after early-life exposure to general anaesthesia has presented a consistent challenge for preclinical models of anaesthetic neurotoxicity. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, in this issue of the journal Neudecker and colleagues demonstrated in vivo connectivity changes in the brain following a seed-based analysis that was derived from previously reported histopathology in the same animals. The combination of neurohistology and neuroimaging should help focus future preclinical studies investigating the developmental consequences of early exposure to general anaesthesia.

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Kim, Weiss, & Raper.
British journal of anaesthesia October 2023

Editorial in response to this original research paper.