Every day children of all ages are sedated or anaesthetized for dental treatment both in the hospital and more commonly now in the dental office. The use of physical restraint for a dental procedure in a child has largely been replaced or significantly reduced with the use of sedative or general anaesthetic drugs.

Previously it was thought that there may be a link between major surgery in the neonate and an increased risk of neurodevelopmental problems. Anaesthesia, at the time, was not considered as a cause for this association.

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