Purpose: Repeated exposure of infant rhesus macaques to sevoflurane induces neurotoxicity and is associated with neurocognitive impairment in later life. We aimed to investigate the effect of repeated sevoflurane exposure on the expression of proteins in the prefrontal cortex of infant rhesus macaques by proteomics.

Methods: Rhesus macaques were exposed to sevoflurane three times, on postnatal days 7, 21 and 35. Quantitative proteomics employing LC-MS with isobaric labeling (TMT10plex), western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were utilized in the studies.

Results: The results of a proteomics investigation of the brain revealed that the proteins that were differentially expressed in rhesus macaques after sevoflurane exposures were associated mainly with mitochondrial respiration. Following multiple sevoflurane exposures, the prefrontal cortices of rhesus macaques exhibited increases in NDUFA8 and COX IV protein levels, while no alterations in mitochondrial morphology were observed through TEM.

Conclusion: Multiple exposures to sevoflurane increased the mitochondrial protein levels in rhesus macaques.

Read more.

Lingling Shi Et Al.
Journal of Anesthesia August 2023