In his best-selling 2011 book entitled “Thinking Fast and Slow”, Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman elucidates the contrast between two modes of human thought-processing: fast and slow thinking.1 Fast thinking is characterized by rapid and automatic reaction to a simulation or problem, while slow thinking involves a measured and analytical response. This dichotomy epitomises the clash between clinicians and basic scientists on the enigma of anaesthetic neurotoxicity.2 Based on their clinical practise that anaesthetics do not overtly produce neurocognitive deficits, the clinician’s viewpoint relies on instinct and experience, while the scientist’s viewpoint is based on a deliberate analysis of experimental data and its logical extrapolation to the clinical setting.
- Sevoflurane-induced learning deficits and spine loss via nectin-1/corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor type 1 signalling in neonatal mice
- Effects of non-obstetric surgery under ketamine anaesthesia in the middle stage of pregnancy on cognition in the offspring and underlying mechanisms
- Female rats are more vulnerable to lasting cognitive impairment after isoflurane exposure on postnatal day 4 than 7
- Dexmedetomidine attenuates the neurotoxicity of propofol toward primary hippocampal neurons in vitro via Erk1/2/CREB/BDNF signaling pathways
- Effects of Perinatal Exposure to Ketamine on the Developing Brain