In his best-selling 2011 book entitled “Thinking Fast and Slow”, Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman elucidates the contrast between two modes of human thought-processing: fast and slow thinking.1 Fast thinking is characterized by rapid and automatic reaction to a simulation or problem, while slow thinking involves a measured and analytical response. This dichotomy epitomises the clash between clinicians and basic scientists on the enigma of anaesthetic neurotoxicity.2 Based on their clinical practise that anaesthetics do not overtly produce neurocognitive deficits, the clinician’s viewpoint relies on instinct and experience, while the scientist’s viewpoint is based on a deliberate analysis of experimental data and its logical extrapolation to the clinical setting.
- Association Between Anesthesia Exposure and Neurocognitive and Neuroimaging Outcomes in Long-term Survivors of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
- GAS, PANDA, and MASK – No Evidence of Clinical Anesthetic Neurotoxicity!
- Propofol induces impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis through inhibiting the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α
- Neurotoxicity of anesthetics: Mechanisms and meaning from mouse intervention studies
- Limb Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Reduces Repeated Ketamine Exposure-Induced Adverse Effects in the Developing Brain of Rats