The decision to administer general anesthesia is childhood age remains controversial. East the issue has not only generated a high degree of concern in health professionals for Neonates and infants, but also, by the school age, being susceptible to alterations. During the consolidation process of earning and memory, where anesthetics They alter brain functioning, causing alterations in synaptogenesis and neurodegeneration in different areas such as. primary visual cortex, temporal cortices / sensory, the frontal cortex and the hippocampus. This is associated with some factors. of risk as the drugs and / or doses used for the procedure, exposure time, or own conditions of the patient.