Millions of babies and children undergo anaesthesia every year. Preclinical evidence shows that all common anaesthetic drugs are associated with neuro-apoptosis and neurodevelopmental deficits in immature rodent models. Xenon, a low-potency anaesthetic gas, renowned for producing cardiostable anaesthesia and with neuroprotective properties in multiple pathologies, was recently used to reduce sevoflurane requirements of babies and young children undergoing cardiac catheterisation. Preclinical studies have shown the addition of xenon reduced neuroapoptosis induced by 0.7% isoflurane in vivo and in vitro.
- Ketamine-induced neurotoxicity in neurodevelopment: A synopsis of main pathways based on recent in vivo experimental findings.
- Ferroptosis contributes to isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity and learning and memory impairment.
- RIPK1/RIPK3-Mediated Necroptosis is Involved in Sevoflurane-Induced Neonatal Neurotoxicity in the Rat Hippocampus.
- lncRNA Xist regulates sevoflurane-induced social and emotional impairment by modulating miR-98-5p/EDEM1 signaling axis in neonatal mice.
- Hypermethylation of EFEMP1 in the Hippocampus May Be Related to the Deficit in Spatial Memory of Rat Neonates Triggered by Repeated Administration of Propofol.