Millions of babies and children undergo anaesthesia every year. Preclinical evidence shows that all common anaesthetic drugs are associated with neuro-apoptosis and neurodevelopmental deficits in immature rodent models. Xenon, a low-potency anaesthetic gas, renowned for producing cardiostable anaesthesia and with neuroprotective properties in multiple pathologies, was recently used to reduce sevoflurane requirements of babies and young children undergoing cardiac catheterisation. Preclinical studies have shown the addition of xenon reduced neuroapoptosis induced by 0.7% isoflurane in vivo and in vitro.
- Neonatal general anesthesia causes lasting alterations in excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in the ventrobasal thalamus of adolescent female rats
- Mild hypothermia ameliorates anesthesia toxicity in the neonatal macaque brain
- Using animal models to evaluate the functional consequences of anesthesia during early neurodevelopment
- microRNA‐124 attenuates isoflurane‐induced neurological deficits in neonatal rats via binding to EGR1
- Hemin treatment protects neonatal rats from sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway